Indian Foreign Service (1979; Retired);

Former Deputy National Security Adviser and Secretary, National Security Council Secretariat (NSCS), (2014-17); Joint Secretary, NSCS on deputation from Ministry of External Affairs; 1999-2007. Dealt with a wide range of national security issues within the NSC structures. Had wide ranging interaction in official capacity with delegations of other countries.

Former Director General, Institute for Defence Studies and Analysis (IDSA), New Delhi (2012-14); Lal Bahadur Shastri Chair National Security, IDSA, 2008-2011. Conducted track 2 level interactions with think tanks of other countries. IDSA is entirely funded by the Ministry of Defence.
Served in Indian diplomatic missions in Moscow, London, and Ankara. Dealt with Afghanistan, Kashmir, Soviet Union, Russia, and Central Asia in the Ministry of External Affairs.

MSc (Physics), Delhi University (1974); Visiting Member Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (1974-76). M.Phil (1988) and PhD, School of International Studies JNU (1991);

Interested in problems of national and international security; foreign policy, issues of defence strategy; ancient Indian thought; nation building, science and technology etc.

Has written three books and co-edited several.

Contributions: 
What does the Economic Survey tell us about National Security?

What does India’s Economic Survey 2017-18 tell us about national security? This may sound an unusual question because in traditional understanding of national security and economy are two separate entities which are not discussed together. The two

Swami Vivekananda’s Message for the 21st Century India

Swami Vivekananda’s 155th birth anniversary is being celebrated throughout the country today. Though already recognized in Bengal for his enlightenment and as a patriotic saint, he burst into international fame at the World Parliament R

Obituary: A Tribute to Prof Baldev Raj (1947-2018)

Dr. Baldev Raj, Director, National Institute of Advanced Studies (NIAS), Bengaluru, passed away in Pune on 7 January 2018 at the age of 71 after a massive heart attack. A recipient of Padma Shri award and the former Director of Indira Gandhi Center f

Trends India should Watch out for in 2018

The year 2017 will go down in history for two momentous developments that are shaping the future of India – the GST and digitalization, and formalization of Indian economy post demonitisation. The ruling party’s massive win in the UP assembly ele

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